Drone - Whole site from Rosalind.JPG

SOIL PATHOGEN IDENTIFICATION

SOILBORNE PATHOGEN IDENTIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR WINTER CEREALS

Take-Home Messages

  • Overall levels of Rhizoctonia and root lesion nematode are low to moderate.

  • Field peas displayed significantly lower Rhizoctonia, but higher levels of root lesion nematode.

  • Other treatments have not yet shown significantly different levels of soil disease.

Aim

This project is aimed at providing growers with knowledge and experience in diagnosing soilborne pathogen infection from symptom expression on plant roots.  It will also provide them with knowledge of management of these pathogens and demonstrate some management options in field situations and deliver extension activities nationally.

Background

Despite the significance of the issue, diagnosing plant diseases and particularly soilborne pathogens can be difficult. Currently, the presence or absence of soil-borne pathogens can be ascertained through diagnostic services (eg. PredictaB), through the observation of root symptoms, and to a lesser extent, above-ground crop symptoms. Unfortunately, it has become apparent that growers frequently rely on above-ground crop symptoms to diagnose crop issues.

Above-ground symptoms for soilborne disease diagnosis can be problematic and incorrect for several reasons. Firstly, several of the observable crop symptoms can be similar between different pathogens and even other crop issues.  Secondly, the change in farming practices towards earlier sowing has changed how some in-crop symptoms of soilborne diseases are expressed. This has been the case for the expression of rhizoctonia root rot. 

Crown root infection is more difficult for growers to diagnose as there is no typical bare-patch and variation between a crown root infected crop and a healthy crop isn’t as easily discernible.  Thirdly, some pathogens co-exist and impact cereals in a complex interaction that may increase the complexity of visual identification above and below crop. Reliance on a single method of identification increases the likelihood of incorrect management strategies being implemented, and a holistic approach to identification with all available tools is ideal.

 

As soilborne disease management is reliant on correct identification of the causal pathogen, it is important that growers and advisors are supplied with the knowledge to be able to achieve this. The purpose of this investment is to extend to growers and advisors the different methods for correctly identifying soilborne pathogens.

Treatments

Trial Layout

Capture.JPG

Acknowledgements

This Project is funded by GRDC and is being led by the Group Group Association. Thanks to Matt, Harry and Jane Hyde for hosting the site and sowing the treatments.

MAIN CONTACT DETAILS

Name: Judy Store
Phone: 08 9661 1907
Email: research@liebegroup.org.au

LIEBE LOGO NO BACKGROUND.png
GRDC Logo 2016 no background.png
GGA.png
LIEBE LOGO NO BACKGROUND.png